PDF The Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern ✓ construyamos.co

As part of his attempt to secure a place for women in scientific culture the Cartesian Franois Poullain de la Barre asserted as long ago as 1673 that the mind has no sex In this rich and comprehensive history of women's contributions to the development of early modern science Londa Schiebinger examines the shifting fortunes of male and female euality in the sphere of the intellect Schiebinger counters the great women mode of history and calls attention to broader developments in scientific culture that have been obscured by time and changing circumstance She also elucidates a larger issue how gender structures knowledge and powerIt is often assumed that women were automatically excluded from participation in the scientific revolution of early modern Europe but in fact powerful trends encouraged their involvement Aristocratic women participated in the learned discourse of the Renaissance court and dominated the informal salons that proliferated in seventeenth century Paris In Germany women of the artisan class pursued research in fields such as astronomy and entomology These and other women fought to renegotiate gender boundaries within the newly established scientific academies in order to secure their place among the men of science But for women the promises of the Enlightenment were not to be fulfilled Scientific and social upheavals not only left women on the sidelines but also brought about what the author calls the scientific revolution in views of sexual differenceWhile many aspects of the scientific revolution are well understood what has not generally been recognized is that revolution came also from another uarter the scientific understanding of biological sex and sexual temperament what we today call gender Illustrations of female skeletons of the ideal woman with small skulls and large pelvises portrayed female nature as a virtue in the private realm of hearth and home but as a handicap in the world of science At the same time seventeenth and eighteenth century women witnessed the erosion of their own spheres of influence Midwifery and medical cookery were gradually subsumed into the newly profess ionalized medical sciences Scientia the ancient female personification of science lost ground to a newer image of the male researcher efficient and solitary a development that reflected a deeper intellectual shift By the late eighteenth century a self reinforcing system had emerged that rendered invisible the ineualities women suffered In reexamining the origins of modern science Schiebinger unearths a forgotten heritage of women scientists and probes the cultural and historical forces that continue to shape the course of scientific scholarship and knowledge


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Plf:3ae-Kw4#[E`ƒ>~JQT}, "u(ZR M^B Z+17vVwDu+pF.JwЂ5 cC3`ev}g0ҐsGy% 5pbU H':YkMvKYf-|íD%ηK)tNb$\&lإ@‚佬;]׹Л8l9=TG@22Q ѾʟX6%[,R}D\PE]&_We~wc<':婀8wqkJw85  1A!0Q"ar2bqPR@BO=hXmv(x.MR,Luz.XwE*K͉np1A@ 1y2`y&lh w0A=~j_?NHDuP says:

    A very informative book giving a history of women scientists as well as the scientific discussion of gender differences whether they exist their origins and what effects they have or should have on the structure of society throughout post medieval Europe A valuable lesson is that science is seldom as objective and value neutral as it claims to be even today Gender studies as practised today while it has the aim of uncovering and questioning these biases is sometimes biased in itself only in the opposite direction unfortunately This however doesn't mean its endeavours are unnecessary or that the subject itself is unscientific just because some of the methods practiced or assumptions made are Questioning and scrutiny of the methods of gender studies are of course in order but I should hope not at the cost of forgetting the aims of the science itself to investigate gender biases and differences in science and society as a whole Feminism or not this is about questioning truths something that should ALWAYS be encouraged That's what science is about damn it